The former Huddersfield Town player died at The Bell House care home in Meltham.
He was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2004 and died on Tuesday night.
"Ray is arguably the most successful and best-known player ever to pull on a Huddersfield Town shirt, having been a key member of England's World Cup-winning team in 1966," Huddersfield Town FC said in a statement.
The club said it was "devastated" to learn of his passing and said their thoughts were with his wife Pat and his sons Russ and Neil.
Wilson made his England debut in 1960 and went on to win 63 caps, 30 of those as a Huddersfield player.
#htafc is devastated to learn of the passing of @England World Cup winner Ramon ‘Ray’ Wilson MBE at the age of 83.— Huddersfield Town (@htafcdotcom) May 16, 2018
The thoughts of everyone at Town are with Ray’s wife, his sons and the rest of his family and friends at this difficult time.
➡️ https://t.co/ojODZDyi0R (AT) pic.twitter.com/tq661fFWJn
He joined Everton in 1964 and reached the pinnacle of his career in the summer of 1966 as part of Sir Alf Ramsey's England team who beat West Germany 4-2 in the World Cup final at Wembley.
Everton says it is "deeply saddened", saying he was "unquestionably one of the finest footballers to wear the royal blue jersey".